Ospedale degli Innocenti, Florence


Ospedale degli Innocenti, Florence
(1419-1424)
   Designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, the Ospedale degli Innocenti was a foundling hospital financed by the architect's own Guild of Silk Merchants and Goldsmiths. Only the outside loggia faithfully follows Brunelleschi's design, as the rest of the structure was completed by his pupils. The loggia consists of a series of round arches supported by Corinthian columns, each containing a small dome. Along the hospital's walls, corbels lend further support while heavy pilasters at either end of the loggia provide a sense of completion. On the spandrels (the triangular spaces between the arches) are roundels filled with glazed terracotta reliefs, a common Brunelleschian feature. The second story includes pedimented windows, each centered above its corresponding arch below. Brunelleschi's design called for pilasters between the windows, yet these were omitted by his pupils. The Ospedale degli Innocenti shows the impact of ancient Roman architecture on Brunelleschi. Not only is the vocabulary he utilized classic but so are the principles of construction he applied to the commission. The emphasis on rationality, balance, symmetry, and rhythmic repetitions all derive from his careful study of ancient prototypes.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ospedale degli Innocenti — Ospedale degli Innocenti, Florence The Ospedale degli Innocenti ( Hospital of the Innocents , also known in Italian as L Ospedale degli Innocenti) is a historical building in Florence, central Italy. Designed by Filippo Brunelleschi,[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Spedale degli Innocenti — Fachada del Spedale degli Innocenti. El Spedale degli Innocenti (en español: Hospital de los Inocentes) fue un orfanato de niños de Florencia, diseñado por Filippo Brunelleschi[1] …   Wikipedia Español

  • Florence — Firenze and Florentine redirect here. For other uses, see Florentin, Florentine (disambiguation), Florence (disambiguation) or Firenze (disambiguation). Florence Firenze   Comune   …   Wikipedia

  • Ospedale del Ceppo — Coordinates: 43°56′6.047″N 10°55′0.392″E / 43.93501306°N 10.91677556°E / 43.93501306; 10.91677556 …   Wikipedia

  • San Marco monastery, Florence —    Originally occupied by the Sylvestrine Order, in 1436 these monks were expelled and the San Marco Monastery was turned over to the Dominicans. In the late 1430s, Cosimo de Medici, who favored the order, provided funding for its renovation,… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence — (beg. 1436)    The most important commission Michelozzo received from Cosimo de Medici was to build for him a family palace to be used as his principal residence in Florence. Cosimo was exiled in 1433 and returned to Florence in the following… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • 1966 Flood of the River Arno in Florence — The Arno River flood of November 4, 1966 killed many people and damaged or destroyed millions of masterpieces of art and rare books in Florence. It is considered the worst flood in the city s history since 1557. With the combined effort of… …   Wikipedia

  • Guilds of Florence — The guilds of Florence were secular corporations that controlled the arts and trades in Florence from the twelfth into the sixteenth century. These Arti included seven major guilds (collectively known as the arti maggiori ), five middle guilds (… …   Wikipedia

  • Studiolo of Francesco I de' Medici, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence — (1568 1575)    The studiolo of Duke Francesco I de Medici is located on the second story of the Palazzo Vecchio and was used for geological and alchemist studies, two of the duke s main interests. The doors of the cupboards that once contained… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Adoration of the Magi — The Adoration of the Magi is the name traditionally given to the Christian subject in the Nativity of Jesus in art in which the three Magi, represented as kings, especially in the West, having found Jesus by following a star, lay before him gifts …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.